Is There an Epilepsy Syndrome?

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An epilepsy syndrome is a distinctive clinical entity that can be reliably identified by a cluster of electroclinical characteristics, including age at onset, seizure type(s), EEG characteristics (background and epileptiform abnormalities), and etiology, as well as other associated factors, such as neurocognitive delay, neurologic examination abnormalities, or imaging changes.

The educational International League Against Epilepsy website provides an excellent resource for the diagnosis of epilepsy syndromes and contains parameters for diagnosis as well as videos of specific seizure types and images of characteristic EEG findings.

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