There are more than 20 antiseizure medications available today. Antiepileptic medications are very effective for most people.
It’s also possible you’ll be able to discontinue taking these medications in as early as two to three years, or as much as four to five years.
In 2018, the first cannabidiol drug, Epidolex, was approved by the FDA for the treatment of severe and rare Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes in children over the age of 2. It’s the first FDA-approved drug to include a purified drug substance from marijuana (and doesn’t induce a sense of euphoria).
In some cases, imaging tests can detect the area of the brain responsible for the seizure. If this area of the brain is very small and well-defined, doctors may perform surgery to remove the portions of the brain that are responsible for the seizures.
If your seizures originate in a part of the brain that cannot be removed, your doctor may still be able to perform a procedure that can help prevent the seizures from spreading to other areas of the brain.
Vagus nerve stimulation
Doctors can implant a device under the skin of your chest. This device is connected to the vagus nerve in the neck. The device sends electrical bursts through the nerve and into the brain. These electrical pulses have been shown to reduce seizures by 20 to 40 percent.
The ketogenic diet has proved effective in reducing seizures for many people with epilepsy, especially children.
More than 50 percentTrusted Source who try the ketogenic diet have more than a 50 percent improvement in seizure control, and 10 percent experience total freedom from seizures.
A seizure can be very scary, especially if it’s happening for the first time.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with epilepsy, you’ll learn to manage your seizures in a healthy way. However, a few circumstances may require you or someone near you to seek immediate medical help. These circumstances include:
- injuring yourself during a seizure
- having a seizure that lasts more than five minutes
- failing to regain consciousness or not breathing after the seizure ends
- having a high fever in addition to the seizures
- having diabetes
- having a second seizure immediately after a first
- a seizure caused by heat exhaustion
You should notify coworkers, friends, and loved ones that you have this condition and help them to know what to do.