Epilepsy and Seizures Treatment & Management

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Approach Considerations

The goal of treatment in patients with epileptic seizures is to achieve a seizure-free status without adverse effects. This goal is accomplished in more than 60% of patients who require treatment with anticonvulsants. Many patients experience adverse effects from these drugs, however, and some patients have seizures that are refractory to medical therapy. A 2017 study found that fewer than two thirds of patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy are seizure-free after 1 year. A smaller study published in 2000 found the seizure-free rate to be 64%, which is almost identical to the rate found in the newer study. [31]

Monotherapy is desirable because it decreases the likelihood of adverse effects and avoids drug interactions. In addition, monotherapy may be less expensive than polytherapy, as many of the older anticonvulsant agents have hepatic enzyme–inducing properties that decrease the serum level of the concomitant drug, thereby increasing the required dose of the concomitant drug

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